HOW TO PREVENT AND TREAT INFLUENZA
HOW TO TREAT AND PREVENT INFLUENZA
Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is an infection of the nose, throat, and lungs caused by influenza viruses. Influenza viruses are constantly changing and can be extremely dangerous for adults with weakened immune systems and children of all ages.
The flu is highly contagious so take these everyday steps to help prevent the spread of germs:
- Wash hands often with soap and water, and when soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub
- Keep bedside tables, bathroom and kitchen counters, and children’s toys clean by wiping them down with a household disinfectant
- Cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue and then throw the tissue in the trash
- Stay away from people who are sick
- If someone in the household is sick, keep the sick person in a separate room, if possible
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth
The most effective form of flu prevention is the flu vaccine, which is developed using strict safety and production measures. The flu vaccine is recommended for everyone six months and older, especially for people with long-term health conditions, young children, and caregivers of children and the elderly.
Common influenza symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills, fatigue, and sometimes vomiting.
If you or your child have any of the following warning signs, go to your local First Choice Emergency Room immediately.
- Fast or troubled breathing
- Bluish or gray skin color
- Not drinking enough fluids, or using the bathroom regularly
- Severe or persistent vomiting
- Not waking up or interacting
- Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
In addition, if you or your child have long-term health conditions, such as heart or lung disease, diabetes, or asthma, and develop flu symptoms, call for emergency care ASAP.